Understanding the anatomy and the various characteristics of a soccer cleat is not enough to be able to effectively choose one that will best serve your purposes. It’s also important to know about the different types of soccer cleats which will help you choose the one that you need for your own playing style.
Different Types Of Soccer Cleats
Soccer cleats are usually classified into the type of the ground condition they will see, and so it is important to note what type of field you’ll be breaking your pair in on, before you decide on one and ultimately buy it. For most purposes, you can simply buy a cleat that has removable studs and replace them with varying studs that can support the ground you’re playing in, if you have the means to buy one. But for most people that will only play on one field for most of the time, here are some of the soccer cleat types available on the market today.
FG (Firm Ground) Soccer Cleats AKA The Soccer Cleat
One of the different types of soccer cleats is the Firm Ground (FG) Soccer Cleat. These are the most common of them all, since usually the soccer field is made of firm earth. They are designed with studs that provide traction for most of the outdoor surfaces filled with natural grass like outdoor soccer fields. The studs themselves also provide exceptional stability, sometimes multi-directional performance, but in most cases the studs themselves are only molded on the outsole and are either bladed or conical in shape.
FG/AG (Firm Ground/Artificial Grass) Hybrid Soccer Cleats
Another one of the different types of soccer cleats is the Firm Ground (FG)/Artificial Grass (AG) Soccer Cleat. As artificial grass fields are quickly becoming a norm in some places, so too are some brands offering high performance for such. However, since some players still play on outdoor fields and buying one of each is cost-prohibitive, some brands are fulfilling FG/AG Hybrids which are perfect for firm outdoor grounds or artificial turf. Generally, these cleats are designed for great acceleration on firm, natural surfaces as well as artificial grass with its multiple stud shapes and lengths.
Soft Ground And Pro Soft Ground Soccer Cleats
Soccer can also be played on perpetually softer grounds that are wet and muddy. For these purposes, the studs are usually longer for the much needed traction on these grounds. Most of the studs are also made of metal for additional stability and are fully detachable to serve a different purpose once they are removed. Therefore, in most of these soccer cleats, their purposes are interchangeable, most commonly with firm ground or hard ground cleats.
Artificial Grass/Hard Ground Soccer Cleats
Since artificial turf is generally harder than firm ground surfaces, they require cleats that can weather the toughness exacerbated on hard grounds. For these purposes, AG/HG cleats have shorter yet more evenly spread studs on the outsole that are also greater in number. These promote better support and stability and on the whole are more durable since they will most likely see wearing because of the solid ground conditions. The studs are usually made of rubber.
Indoor Soccer Cleats
Indoor soccer cleats have a gum rubber flat outsole, and no studs at all, and are generally used for indoor play like at a gym or rec facility. Indoor soccer and Futsal benefit from these cleats, and they are also great for leisure purposes and street wear because of their likeliness to a common sneaker. However, they are lighter than a lightweight sneaker and have a lower cut on their profile in order to promote better stability while running and ball dribbling.
Women’s Soccer Cleats
Although in general, women prefer soccer cleats designed for men, a pair of women’s cleats will work wonders for them because of their specific performance technology targeted at the gender. Sizing is also much more complicated due to the fact that women’s feet are different from men, so in order to meet your proper needs if you are a woman, it is overall better to buy women’s soccer cleats than going with ones targeted to men.
If for availability reasons you can’t, sizing men’s cleats for women sizes are usually a size and half down. One should also take into account the various sizing factors, such as the materials used in the construction. Leather cleats are tighter but get stretched over time, so go for more snug fits when choosing them on the whole.